In William Shakespeare’s play “Hamlet,” the character of Polonius is depicted as a scheming and manipulative advisor to the king of Denmark. One of the primary reasons for his scheming is his belief that the prince of Denmark, Hamlet, is mad.
There are several reasons why Polonius comes to this conclusion about Hamlet. First and foremost, Hamlet’s behavior is erratic and unpredictable. He seems to go from extreme highs to extreme lows with no apparent rhyme or reason, and he often acts impulsively without considering the consequences of his actions. This leads Polonius to believe that Hamlet is not in control of his faculties and is, therefore, mad.
Another reason for Polonius’ belief in Hamlet’s madness is the fact that Hamlet is grieving the recent death of his father. It is not uncommon for people to experience intense emotions and unusual behavior after the loss of a loved one, and Polonius may see this as a sign of Hamlet’s instability.
Furthermore, Hamlet’s strange behavior is compounded by the fact that he has been given the task of avenging his father’s murder, which he has been unable to accomplish. This may contribute to his feelings of frustration and hopelessness, which could lead to further erratic behavior.
Finally, Polonius’ belief in Hamlet’s madness may also be influenced by his own ambition and desire for power. If he can convince the king that Hamlet is mad, it may make it easier for him to take control of the kingdom and advance his own interests.
In conclusion, Polonius believes Hamlet is mad because of his erratic and unpredictable behavior, his grief over his father’s death, his inability to avenge his father’s murder, and his own ambition. However, it is ultimately left to the audience to decide whether or not Hamlet is truly mad, or if he is simply acting mad as part of a larger plan.